Fine pearls are one of the least known and most niche gems in the jewellery world. Even professional jewelers often encounter difficulties in identifying pearl types, understanding grading standards and pearl values.
So it’s no surprise that there are many questions to answer before investing in hundreds or even thousands of dollars to buy a fine pearl necklace or pair of earrings.
You may already know what kind of jewelry you want to buy (such as pearl necklaces, earrings, full jewelry, etc.), so let’s first focus on how to choose the right type of pearl, and then return to jewelry design and budget issues.
The right pearl type
When you decide to buy a beautiful pearl necklace (or a pair of earrings), what kind of pearl necklace should you buy? First, we need to know the type of pearl. There are four main types of pearls to choose from:
Japanese seawater cultured pearl
Chinese freshwater pearl
Tahiti pearls from French Polynesia
White or gold South Sea pearls from Australia and the Philippine Islands
Each has its own unique beauty, size range, pearl color and budget parameters.
So when you don’t know these types of pearls well, you should look for relevant information before buying.
The perfect pearl size
In general, the most popular size is in the range of 7.0-9.5mm, which is considered to be the most traditional and versatile pearl size purchase.
The bigger the pearl (all other attributes, such as gloss, shape and surface quality), the more valuable they are.
The right necklace length
The most popular and versatile pearl necklace length is known as the 18-inch “Princess Length” pearl necklace. This length is considered to be the “modern classic” length and should be 1.5 to 2.0 inches below the throat, suitable for a variety of necklines and garments.
How to judge the grade of pearl
Luster – this makes or breaks pearls as a gem. Gloss describes the way light is reflected from the surface of the pearl (sharp and highly reflective or soft and Blurry ). The brighter the pearl, the higher the value.
Surface quality – Smooth, clean pearls are more important than pearls with a variety of inclusions.
Symmetrical shape – the true round pearl is the rarest of all pearls and the most precious. After that, we look for completely symmetrical semi-baroque shapes, such as teardrops and ovals, then wrap around Baroque, and finally a completely asymmetrical free form Baroque.
Color – the various colors of the rainbow with the rainbow (literally!) This value factor is weighted according to whether the color appears naturally, the depth and saturation of the color, and the rarity of the color.
Size-large, perfectly symmetrical pearls are rare and take many years to form inside the oysters. If other value factors are the same, the bigger the pearl, the more valuable it is.
Origin – The value of artificially cultured (farmed) pearls that dominate the pearl industry today varies by pearl type: freshwater (cheapest), brine Akoya (mid-range), Hetahiti (medium-grade) and South China Sea (highest). We also consider whether pearls are farmed or natural/wild. Natural pearls – pearls formed without any human help – are extremely rare and expensive.
Matching – Depending on the type of pearl, it may take many years to carefully match a delicate pearl necklace. You are looking for a stable, smooth graduation rate from the smallest to the largest pearl center, no variation of pearls, pearl luster, shape, color, overtone and surface quality (multicolor lines give a little more room for manoeuvre, but still must There is an overall harmonious “tone”).